Paracanthurus hepatus

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Common Name
Blue Tang
Binomial Name
Paracanthurus hepatus
Paracanthurus hepatus.jpg
Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Acanthuridae
Genus: Paracanthurus
Species: hepatus


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Common Names

  • Blue Tang
  • Palette surgeonfish
  • Flagtail Surgeonfish
  • Dory
  • Regal Tang
  • Hippo Tang
  • Indo-Pacific Tang
  • Blue Surgeonfish



Characteristics

Description

Bright royal blue body highlighted by a black 'painters palette', with a contrasting yellow tail. Possibly the most offered tang in the aquarium hobby. Known to the kiddies as "Dory" (from the movie Finding Nemo), these tangs are hardy once they are established.

Similar Species

None

Maximum Size

~30cm wild (Fishbase).

Associated Organisms

N/A

Behaviour

Notes about what they do, how they inteact with others, different species etc.



Captive Care

Tank Size

As juveniles grow they become open water swimmers. Since they also grow large a 6'x 2'x 2' is recommended for mature fish.

Water Flow

Moderate to high

Lighting

Any

Feeding

They will feed on seaweed & other general aquarium foods, including unroasted Nori purchased from supermarkets.

Growth Rate

How quickly it will grow under various conditions.

Diseases

Highly susceptible to C. irritans (marine whitespot); Amyloodinium (marine velvet). Also vulnerable to HLLE.

Other


Gallery


Compatability

Fish

Care should be taken when mixing tangs. Ideally avoid similarly shaped Acanthurus sp., instead choosing Zebrasoma sp., or Ctenochaetus sp. This may minimise aggression.

Coral

Does it have coral that it is not compatable with?

Invertebrate

Is it compatable with other invertebrates such as molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms?



Reproduction

How it reproduces, how suitable it is to breeding or captive propagation, techniques on how to etc.



Local Ecology

Distribution

Found throughout the Indo Pacific. (Fishbase)

Habitat

Usually found in shallow waters (10-40m) on seaward reefs. (Fishbase)



Additional Information

Some additional notes on it that don't fit in the above sections.



Resources



References