|Used For:||Maintaining ORP
Oxidation of organic compounds Control of water-borne pathogens
|Caution:||Don't inhale gas|
|Material Safety Data Sheet:||Ozone|
Ozone is a strong oxidising chemical, most common in a gaseous state, with a distinct "burning electrical" smell. Easily created by passing oxygen through an arcing electrical current which breaks apart molecular oxygen (O2) and allows the recombination of oxygen into O3. In nature ozone is produced by lightning in the same process, it is also produced in small quantities by white blood cells to control pathogens. Ozone forms oxides in metals (except noble metals) and reacts strongly with most organic molecules, particularly molecules that contain double bonds. Many plastics and rubber materials are susceptible to cracking when exposed to ozone, the cracking found in O-ring seals is often an example of ozone attack.
Primarily used to enhance water clarity through the oxidation of organic compounds, ozone has other beneficial uses in raising the ORP of water, controlling water-borne bacteria, protozoans, viruses and algae. Ozone can be applied in a specially made ozone reaction chamber or added to a protein skimmer.
Due to it's reactive qualities with metals, ozone precipitates manganese from the water and forms toxic chemicals from bromine, sulphuric acid from hydrogen sulfide and is toxic in its own state given sufficient concentrations to all marine organisms. The use of activated carbon on both exiting water and air is strongly advised as a means of reducing concentrations after treatment.
- Ozone and the Reef Aquarium, Part 1: Chemistry and Biochemistry by Randy Holmes-Farley - Reefkeeping Magazine
- Ozone and the Reef Aquarium, Part 2: Equipment and Safety by Randy Holmes-Farley - Reefkeeping Magazine
- Ozone and the Reef Aquarium, Part 3: Changes in a Reef Aquarium upon Initiating Ozone by Randy Holmes-Farley - Reefkeeping Magazine
- ORP and the Reef Aquarium by Randy Holmes-Farley - Reefkeeping Magazine