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Kingdom: Animalia
Sub Kingdom: Eumetazoa
Super Phylum: Bilateria:Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Sub Phylum: Vertebrata
Super Class: Osteichthyes
Class: Actinopterygii
Sub-Class: Neopterygii
Infra Class: Teleostei
Super Order: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Labridae
Genus: Bodianus - Cheilinus - Choerodon - Cirrhilabrus - Corinae - Coris - Crenilabrus - Ctenolabrus - Diproctacanthus - Gomphosus - Halichoeres - Hemigymnus - Labroides - Labropsis - Labrus - Lachnolaimus - Macropharyngodon - Novaculichthys - Paracheilinus - Pseudocheilinus - Pseudodax - Tautoga - Tautogolabrus - Thalassoma - Xyrichtys


Commonly referred to as Wrasses.


Typically with terminal mouth, somewhat thickened lips, one or more pairs of protruding canine teeth, nodular pharyngeal teeth, elongate body, continuous or interupted lateral line, and single unnotched dorsal fin. Most species change colour with growth and sex. Typically a drab initial phase of both males and females, the latter able to change sex into a brilliant terminal male phase. All species inactive at night, the smaller ones often sleep beneath the sand. Includes carnivores, planktivores and cleaners.[1]





  1. (Lieske Myers 1996): Lieske, E., Myers, R., Coral reef fishes : Caribbean, Indian Ocean, and Pacific Ocean : including the Red Sea, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1996.