Amphiprioninae

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Taxonavigation

Kingdom: Animalia
Sub Kingdom: Eumetazoa
Super Phylum: Bilateria:Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Sub Phylum: Vertebrata
Super Class: Osteichthyes
Class: Actinopterygii
Sub-Class: Neopterygii
Infra Class: Teleostei
Super Order: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pomacentridae
Sub Family: Amphiprioninae
Genus: Amphiprion - Premnas


Introduction

This sub-family of damselfish are commonly called Anemonefish or Clownfish.

Characteristics

Live in close association with on or more of the 10 host species of sea anemones (see: Anemones Hosting Clownfish). Protected from the anemone's stinging cells by their mucus which carries and anemones' chemical signature. This inhibits the stinging cells from firing and is acquired by the larvae during settlement at the anemones base. Anemonefishes are protandrous hermaphrodites, that is all matures as males, then may reverse sex later. The female is the largest most dominant fish of each colony, and her presence inhibits the sex reversal of the males. Feed primarily on zooplankton and filamentous algae. [1]

Classficiation

Gallery

Resources

References

  1. (Lieske Myers 1996): Lieske, E., Myers, R., Coral reef fishes : Caribbean, Indian Ocean, and Pacific Ocean : including the Red Sea, Princeton University Press: Princeton, 1996.
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